During normal movement of blood in the human body actively working as arteries that supply blood down, and veins which return it to the top – two circulation, which they say still in school when studying human anatomy. Process venous circulation "runs" the heart, like everything else in our body, and by the United work of heart muscle and blood rises. Blood was rising with the aftershocks, with a fixation on certain sites where the blood vessels, there are valves that prevent the blood to fall down.
With the active movement of a person, for example, when walking, the muscles regularly contract and relax, providing the blood flow from the lower valve to the valve, which is located above the vein, etc. This description of the normal flow of blood in the vein, but if the valve is not reduced completely if the wall of the vein; if the vein lumen is wider, then there is reverse flow of blood, which causes disorders in the blood vessels. This disease has veins called varicose. Take a closer look at what this disease is, what its causes and possible prevention of varicose veins.
WHY THE VALVES STOP WORKING CORRECTLY?
The valves are in connection (communication) veins connecting superficial and deep veins. Working full bleed valves in the deep veins, but do not allow her back, pushing her up through the blood vessels. The expansion of vein between the valves closed, a small gap, which allows blood to return to the deep or superficial veins.
Accumulation of blood leads to further stretching of the vessel walls, and the clearance between the valves increases. Refluxes – pathological countercurrents in the superficial veins provoke the formation of stars, then formed a venous node that already appears from under the skin, and a vicious cycle of disease continues. To break out of this circle without the help of doctors, using only creams and pills is impossible.
Vienna will never be reduced to the desired diameter, because its elasticity of the walls are lost, the disease or slow down or pause with the help of surgical intervention. Symptoms of varicose veins, its causes, treatment – it is necessary to know more to correct way of life has become your principle, and only then the sickness will ease off, and its development can be contained.
Defective work of the venous valves caused by unfavorable factors, which affect the human being and the wrong way of life is only one factor. Vienna does not have its system of compression-relaxation to push blood up the work in her muscles.
If muscles are not active due to sedentary work, a person's immobility, lack of exercise or regular walking, many hours of sitting behind the wheel or at a computer monitor, then "earn" the disease is possible without the presence of a genetic predisposition to it. You should know that varicose veins causes of the disease is not only the changes occurring in the vessels of the legs, this is a complex change that affects the entire human body.
THE MAIN CAUSES OF VARICOSE VEINS, CLASSIFICATION OF DEGREES OF DISEASE
Visible symptoms of varicose veins appear much later than the disease itself, so if your relatives were the symptoms of the disease be observed and tested by a doctor-phlebologist need to be mandatory. Various causes of varicose veins lead to some confusion in medical world because it was always considered that the best way to avoid disease is its prevention. In the case of varicose vein prevention could not be considered 100% means, because the main cause of varicose veins is heredity.
Doesn't matter who from the family had problems with the veins, where was located the problem areas, the disease is localized in any place of the veins in the groin, leg or anus. In the presence of the gene responsible for this disease, the disease may manifest itself at any age. It is clear that more common varicose veins of the lower extremities, but that does not deny the possibility of manifestations of the disease in any part of the body.
The reasons for the development of varicose veins, the speed and severity of the disease depend on the behavior of the patient, his perseverance to be treated and maintain the necessary lifestyle. Weak venous wall can be healthy in the absence of adverse factors, Vienna will not develop unless there is a reason for this. In addition to heredity distinguish other causes of the disease are:
- Sedentary or immobile (people with disabilities) lifestyle.
- Gender – in women the disease is more common.
- Hours of driving, computer work, including all the professions that make people to sit during long time.
- Heavy physical exertion, constant nature (athletes, porters, and other professions where people are constantly forced to stand still – hairdressers, salesmen, carpenters, joiners, etc.).
- High heels, carrying heavy bags etc.
- The absence of change of activity during a daily cycle, monotonous static work.
This is just a small list of the causes of the disease, so needs to be regularly like the survey phlebologist, especially in cases where there is heaviness in the legs or swelling. And if your relatives on any of the lines were such problems, the specialist should be your observing physician as early as possible to prevent progression of the disease.
If you do not deal with the treatment of varicose veins, after venous veins on the legs to a hospital bed will need quite a bit of time, and between man and painful death would be the only way of salvation, a surgical scalpel.
Doctors have identified 6 main stages of varicose veins:
- Zero stage, when gradually symptoms similar to the symptoms of varicose veins is a heaviness in the legs, swelling, sometimes even seizures during night sleep or rest. According to the study Doppler or visually detect the presence of disease is not possible.
- Stage 1 – symptoms remain, they add venous stars, venous pronounced grid on the legs.
- Stage 2, or stage of the disease when a person can see under the skin nodules of blue color or thickened veins. Sometimes it is felt in the muscles when you change the position of the body. Since there are nodules, then there is a stagnation of blood in the deep veins, that promotes the formation of blood clots.
- Stage 3 is the emergence of a strong edema in the evening. In the morning the swelling may not be, but during the day they are back, sore feet, frequent cramps.
- Stage 4 is characterized by the appearance of trophic nodules that can quickly move to the stage of ulcers. The color of the skin on the legs is changed to dark brown, almost black. May develop skin atrophy, trophic ulcers.
- Stage 5 – all of the above symptoms, and was again opened trophic ulcer.
- Stage 6 – is the presence of a constant trophic ulcers, are prone to expansion and deepening.
Surgery may be done at stage 1, when the wall of small vessels glued with a special introduction of the injectable composition. With laser coagulation glue large vessels. In both cases, rehabilitation is necessary after surgery: wear a special Jersey, the rejection of high heels, in addition, absolutely can not lift weights. In more complicated surgical operations on the veins, the surgeons make an individual appointment for a period of rehabilitation.
CAUSES OF VARICOSE VEINS IN WOMEN
Indeed, most of the patients with this diagnosis are women, and parous or ladies who are obese, the risk "to" varicose veins of the lower extremities is much higher than those who regularly goes in for sports and walks a lot. Hormonal drugs during treatment for infertility or menopause can also lead to the rapid development of varicose veins.
Women are 2-3 times more susceptible to the disease than men. Hormonal therapy is another factor that may cause disease, as the yellow body hormone relaxes the muscles, relieving muscle spasms, but this action extends to the venous wall. Inflammation in the pelvic organs also trigger the onset.
Women who wear high-heeled shoes, are at risk. But to be honest, visually distinguish 7–cm heel 11 cm difficult, so it is recommended to wear shoes with low heels or permanently. The majority of women or have a sedentary job or monotonous work associated with one position of the body. When sedentary work must arrange a one-hour walk, with a standing work – convenient vacation at least once per hour. Light gymnastics and massage of the feet will also not excessive.
CAUSES OF VARICOSE VEINS IN MEN
Typically, the disease affects truck drivers are forced to spend many hours behind the wheel. There are men who play sports with high physical demands, construction workers, longshoremen and those who are forced to work, while maintaining a single body position. High intra-abdominal pressure during weight lifting causes malfunction of the vascular valves, as well as the pressure in the veins at a constant sitting position of the body. In addition, men do not tend to pay much attention to the appearance of their feet as women, so go to the doctor at late stages of the disease.
Not knowing that varicose veins can affect not only the legs but other organs, men can get varicose veins of the spermatic cord – varicocele, the disease that affects one in ten people in the country. Infertility is the result of the disease, although surgery can correct the situation.
CAUSES OF VARICOSE VEINS OF SMALL PELVIS
Frequent constipation during pregnancy, prolonged coughing, severe sneezing with colds create the preconditions for the emergence of varicose veins in the veins that run along the rectum. In fact, this disease is hemorrhoids which can suffer anyone. It is necessary to promptly treat hemorrhoids, eat right, move a lot to avoid the pathology of veins in this region. It is important to remember that wherever disease: prevention and treatment must be complemented by a special way of life, takes into account the specifics of the disease.
THE DISEASE OF VARICOSE VEINS IN TEENAGERS: CAUSES
Anything that can trigger varicose veins in adults also applies to adolescents. In puberty in boys 14-15 years varicocele is manifested due to the specific structure of the body, increased hormones, nervous overloads, associated with physical or emotional stress. Miller-venous fistulas, or holes between the vessels can cause the beginning of varicose veins in the legs.
In girls before menstruation, you may also experience swelling in the legs, pain and heaviness in the lower abdomen, in the legs, which rapidly disappear after cessation of the discharge. Frequent constipation due to poor eating habits, a desire to lose weight can also provoke the appearance of varicose veins.