Varicose veins in the legs is one of the most common types of varicose veins. This is because of the load on the legs, which interferes with the normal flow of blood, and the walls of the veins weaken.
To know how to treat varicose veins on the legs, you must consult a phlebologist. The doctor will select the best treatment option, which depends on the extent of the disease and clinical manifestations.
Treatment of varicose veins on the legs with conservative methods
In the initial stages of the disease, in lesions of the superficial veins can be used drugs local action of ointment and cream, with deeper lesions – pills or injectable medicines.
How to treat varicose veins on the legs conservative methods? Usually use of drugs and compression hosiery.
Compression hosiery is prescribed to reduce the signs of disease and maintenance of blood vessels. Compression underwear for varicose veins is different: stockings, socks, tights. Kind of compression hosiery picks up the doctor and the degree of compression desired.
Such linen is capable to remove the swelling and pain in varicose veins and also reduce the risk of complications and rate of progression of the disease. Compression hosiery creates graduated pressure which decreases from the ankle to the thigh.
The degree of compression or compression determines the severity of the therapeutic effect. The initial symptoms of the disease or for the prevention of varicose veins prescribed linen class 1 compression, when expressed symptoms of the disease – 2, and class 3, in advanced cases, with severe varicose veins and trophic lesions using compression hosiery class 4. Also underwear is recommended to wear after surgery on the veins.
The main conservative treatment of varicose veins is the prescribing of ointments, creams and tablets for intake. Also used intramuscular and intravenous varicose veins.
The main group of medicines for treatment of varicose veins is drugs that increase the elasticity of blood vessels and their tone. Also, use drugs with substances that thin the blood – this improves blood flow and reduces the risk of blood clots.
Minimally invasive techniques of treatment of varicose veins
Modern medicine has a very effective and almost without injuries methods of getting rid of the disease. How to treat varicose veins on the legs in women and men if the pills and creams don't work?
- Sclerotherapy – the method consists in the introduction into the damaged vessel special substance that "glues" the vein. This method of treatment is used when the diameter of the dilated veins up to 10 mm.
- Laser – ablation for treatment using laser radiation. Through a vein and stretch the laser fiber, which burns and seals the vessel. The procedure is performed in the laboratory.
- Radiofrequency ablation – a minimally invasive method of treating varicose veins, in which the vessel is administered radiofrequency catheter is removed dilated veins.
It is not always possible to perform these treatments for varicose veins. Only an experienced physician can determine how to treat varicose veins on the legs in men and women what methods you can use to achieve positive results.
Surgical methods of treatment of varicose veins on the legs
The operation involves the removal of the expanded veins through a small incision in the skin. The procedure is carried out using a special hook, which captures the problematic vein and remove it. The recovery period lasts from 3 to 5 days.
This surgery is called open surgery in the lower extremities. This operation is performed under General anesthesia and is the most traumatic. This method is used if it is impossible to do more sparing methods of treatment or have contraindications.
How to treat varicose veins on legs at home
Home treatment involves a variety of exercises for varicose veins, control over food and lifestyle, the use of folk remedies.
Home treatment of varicose veins may be only an additional method, it will help to reduce pain and swelling. It is impossible to consider the treatment of varicose veins folk remedies, the correct way to get rid of the disease.
With varicose veins useful moderate exercise, the alternation of activity and rest, and performing specific exercises that help to strengthen blood vessels.
The diet should include foods that strengthen blood vessels: black currant, cabbage, grapes, onions, Aronia, seafood. Be sure to drink plenty of fluids to the blood was less viscous.
Untimely appeal to the doctor and ignoring formal treatment can lead to exacerbation of the disease and its complications.
You should limit the consumption of fatty, fried, smoked and salty food, canned food and semi-finished products.
As folk remedies use tinctures, compresses, baths and decoctions for oral administration. Useful for varicose veins hop cones, nettle, leaves of Kalanchoe, Hypericum, chamomile, horse chestnut, yarrow, wormwood and other herbs and plants.