This disease, like varicose veins, affects people of all genders and ages. Basically varicose veins affects the lower limbs. It is known that every third woman suffers from varicose veins. The reasons lie in tight underwear, wearing shoes with heels, hormonal contraceptives, pregnancy. As for representatives of a strong half, it should be noted that the varicose veins on the legs in men is much rarer, every fourth man suffers from it.
What is varicose veins?
With varicose veins the walls of veins lose their elasticity, the ability to shrink and stretch. The second cause of disease – violation of the integrity of the venous valves, causing the pressure in the vessels of the legs increases, there is stagnation of blood.
This disease can affect not only the legs but also other parts of the body. When the disease is varicose veins on the legs, in different parts of the skin of the lower extremities, primarily on the leg muscles, you may notice swollen wide tortuous surface blood vessels. But important is not only the outer side of the disease, as the most dangerous phenomenon – violation of venous blood flow.
Signs of varicose veins of the legs in men
If you thought something was wrong with the veins, do not rush to treat them. First you need to know what specific symptoms characteristic of the disease. This will allow you not to be confused with varicose veins are similar disease.
At the initial stage, there are the following symptoms of varicose veins legs men:
- heaviness in the legs,
- quick onset of fatigue in the legs,
- swelling after exertion,
- the feeling of swelling of the legs,
- feeling of fullness of the legs with fluid,
- the reduction of skin sensitivity of the feet,
- skin itching,
- the appearance of the vascular network.
With the development of varicose veins in men these symptoms intensify and new ones appear:
- pain in the legs
- dermatitis or eczema
- veins distinctly protrude above the skin
- darkening of certain areas of the skin,
- episodic fever,
- the blockage of blood vessels,
- breaks varicose blood vessels.
What are the risks of varicose veins in men? In some cases, the blood coagulates, forms a blood clot. This situation is a consequence of infection.
If initially, the disease causes inconvenience only of aesthetic nature (legs visible venous vascular mesh), then after a while the walls of the veins get so weak that the least toxic substance, an infection can trigger damage.
Varicose veins in men on feet: causes of disease
Many people mistakenly think that if men don't have babies, don't wear studs, and varicose veins they tend. So, from a physiological point of view men do not have problems with their feet. However, one should not ignore other risk factors:
- heavy physical work;
- carrying and lifting;
- wearing uncomfortable shoes;
- that extra weight leads to increased load on feet;
- the presence of a predisposition of a genetic nature (in the male line);
- sedentary and sedentary lifestyle ;
- poor nutrition ;
- bad habits, especially alcohol and Smoking ;
- high blood viscosity;
- diseases of the cardiovascular system;
Unfortunately, few men are aware of the negative effect that Smoking has on blood vessels. Due to effects of nicotine the blood vessels become less elastic and thinner, damaged control valves on the vessels.
As for alcohol, it negatively affects not only the vessels but also on the liver. Under the influence of alcohol, hepatocytes are destroyed, leading to the development of thrombosis.
It is worth to take into account the fact that men are not so careful about their health as women, and therefore begin to pay attention to the problem too late, when the disease takes a serious scale.
Varicose veins happen in men at different ages, but most often the first signs of varicose veins occur in men after 40 years.
The effects of varicose diseases of the legs
Really as dangerous varicose veins in the legs, as they say?
The most severe consequences of pathological varicose ulcers, thrombosis.
The disease creates an increased load on the heart muscle, which in turn, may have some importance in the development of cardiovascular pathologies.
The most common, the most common consequence of this disease is swelling of the ankles that may cause the appearance of constant pain at the top of the legs. The lack of treatment leads to increased muscle spasms, constant fatigue in the legs, a feeling of heaviness.
All such symptoms are amplified in those moments when a person performs physical exercise. But even the change of active work to sedentary does not help the situation. Varicose veins permanently discomfort.
Dermatitis is a pretty severe consequence of varicose veins in men. In the field of veins of patients develop a rash, you want to brush. To do this, because with the time change rash comes bleeding ulcers.
The development of thrombosis is the most serious consequence of the disease. Blood clots threatened a fatal outcome as a result of their isolation and getting into the blood vessels of the heart or lungs. Therefore, if you have the slightest of signs that indicate the onset of this disorder, you should immediately consult a doctor.
For the diagnosis different methods are used, but the most accurate of them is the examination of vessels (ultrasound of the veins). It allows to assess the extent of their defeat.
How to treat varicose veins on the legs in men: conservative treatment
When identifying symptoms, clearly pointing to varicose veins, to treat the disease must be in collaboration with a physician. There are specialists who spetsializiruyutsya on the treatment of varicose veins. They are better than other doctors know how to treat varicose veins on the legs in men. Any doctor will confirm that the treatment of varicose veins on the legs of men in the early stages allows to get rid of the problem.
As an additional means of treatment, the doctors suggest using special creams and ointments, relieving pain, heaviness, swelling. It is also possible treatment of folk remedies.
Treatment of AIDS
Experts recommend that men who suffer from the disease, compression stockings, special stockings. Those representatives of the strong half that value their health, comply with this recommendation. Others, citing the fact that this lingerie is for women, don't wear it, what worsen the situation.
It is important to know and understand that external support is very important for vessels. Without it, you will significantly increase the duration of treatment. And if the surgery was performed, without compression underwear you can not do. It will have to wear necessarily. However, it should be replaced every 3-6 months.
Alternatively, the compression pants can be used with special elastic bandages. It is advisable to consult a doctor on the subject of how to wind.
It is also recommended to pay attention to the shoes it should be comfortable and warm, to match the season, does not cramp the foot. Feet should not experience her discomfort, and with prolonged walking.
Operative methods of treatment
In some cases, sclerotherapy is performed — correction of saphenous veins using injections. The treatment of the disease in this way provides pre-ultrasound, after which the diseased vessels are special drugs with a syringe. It should be noted that such manipulation of the deep vessels is not carried out. And vessels close to the skin is replaced by connective tissue, which relieves the patient from pain and suffering. In addition, sclerotherapy helps to preserve the appearance of the legs.
The operations resorted to in extreme cases. Without surgery can not do, if the patient has severe disease (the affected vessels are deep and formed clots).
The main kind of surgical intervention with varicose veins of the legs is phlebectomy. This operation involves removal of the affected portion of the vessel.
Variety of operations for removal of vessels:
Surgery is done under General anesthesia. It is worth noting that ten years ago, surgical intervention was considered the most effective way of dealing with varicose veins of the legs.
Also to remove the affected portion of the vessel are used and techniques such as laser and radiofrequency ablation. During laser treatment, doctors removed part of the affected vessel with a laser, and in radiofrequency ablation – radio waves. Both procedures are performed with the help of introduced into the lumen of the vein catheter.
It should be noted that the operational procedure is not a guarantee against the recurrence, they are observed in about half of cases within 5 years. However, simultaneous observation of measures for prevention reduces the risk of relapse.
Varicose veins in men: treatment at home
Is it possible to combat the expansion of the leg veins without leaving home? . You have to constantly perform special exercises. We are not talking about heavy loads.
If you suffer from varicose veins, you need to start swimming, Jogging or even walking. Practice shows that such sports are of great help in the initial stages of the disease.
If we are talking about advanced stages, there is hope for recovery, but will have to adhere to certain rules will need to wear special bras. When running the varicose veins a number of physical exercise is contraindicated – in particular, running, jumping, squats. However, walking and especially swimming, and in this case will be useful.
One of the reasons that lead to of varicose veins is excess weight. Moreover, obesity is dangerous not so much in itself, but as an additional factor increasing the load on the legs and heart. If you are overweight, you should go on a diet to lose him. The basic requirement for diet for men – the daily energy value must not exceed 1500 Kcal. You should limit the consumption of salt, smoked and pickled foods. It is recommended to drink useful for vessels natural anticoagulants – juices of black chokeberry and sea buckthorn.
To ease discomfort in the feet is recommended several times a day to raise the legs above heart level in the supine position. The duration of this procedure – 15 minutes. When limbs are above head level, the outflow of venous blood. To lie in such a posture, reading a book, enjoying a movie, etc.
And most importantly — if you are suspicious for the disease varicose veins, do not start to self-medicate. The best thing you can do is to seek expert advice of a phlebologist. Remember that we are talking about a complex disease whose treatment must be conducted under the supervision of a specialist.
Prevention of the disease
Even when there is a predisposition to varicose veins need to pay attention to prevention. Alternatively, it can be self-massage of the feet (it is banned in the case if the disease has already developed). Not be amiss to wear a special compression underwear.
People who lead a sedentary lifestyle, it is recommended to frequently change position, to operate short charging. You can just walk around the table or on the location, do a few rotational exercises. If you have a sedentary job, every hour you need to make a break for 5-10 minutes, get up from the table and give the feet a rest.
After bathing or showering can wash his feet with cool water. As prevention doctors also recommend to drink at least two liters of water.
All men (and especially women) must give up Smoking and excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages. It is better to give preference to the sport, more fresh air, to walk in parks, woods. And then, you should try not to worry and not to worry. Stress is one of predisposing factors to varicose veins. Insidious varicose veins does not distinguish people by sex and nationality.